A raw diamond is a very precious metal. Which are composed of the same materials from which coal and lead are made, namely (carbon). Where This is formed as a result of exposure of carbon to very high temperatures in the depths of the earth. In addition to their exposure to high pressure. And thus carbon atoms are formed by chemical methods. 1400 degrees Celsius, and this carbon may mix with other materials such as nitrogen and sulfur. Which gives another color to diamonds. And pink diamond is considered one of the rarest types of raw diamond.
Raw diamond properties
Raw diamond properties diamonds are the hardest types of minerals that have been discovered since ancient times. And it is called in the Greek language (hardness). Also, it is the first currency that the world dealt with, especially in India. And ancient people believed that diamonds are among the miraculous stones. They have the ability to glow, especially at night. In addition, it possesses magical and healing abilities from spirits and superstition. And treats mental illnesses, satanic seizures, and nightmares, as they believe.
Diamonds are the hardest types of minerals that have been discovered since ancient times. It is called in the Greek language (hardness). And it is the first currency that the world dealt with, especially in India. Ancient people believed that diamonds are among the miraculous stones that have the ability to glow. Especially at night. In addition, it possesses magical and healing abilities from spirits and superstition, and treats mental illnesses, satanic seizures, and nightmares, as they believe.
Raw diamond Producing
Countries In the past, Antwerp was the international capital for diamonds. But now 90% of diamonds are made in India, in addition to South Africa, Russia, Canada, and Australia. South Africa is the richest in diamond production.
How to extract diamonds
Diamonds are one of the most precious metals, the most valuable of them being a rare metal. Where it is said that all the quantities of diamonds that are found in the whole world do not fill a small bus. The diamonds are stored underground and then transmitted naturally by volcanoes and rivers. Where it changes their shape, size, and texture. As for the method of extracting diamonds. It is similar to the method of extracting oil and natural gas through drilling in raw diamond mines. Currently, the United States of America is the first country in the world to produce and sell diamonds, followed by the regions of Europe. Then Japan in the continent of Asia.
The most important types of diamonds
Diamonds, as we mentioned earlier, are formed under the layers of the earth under special conditions of heat and pressure. The way out is the eruption of volcanoes. So diamonds come out of the craters of volcanoes when they explode. Among the best and most important types of diamonds that have been found are:
- A diamond called (Cullinan); This diamond is characterized by its large size, and is the largest ever, and was found in the “Premier” mine in South Africa in 1905 AD.
- A diamond called “Excelsior” was found in the Jagersfontein mine in 1893 AD.
- The Juncker diamond.
- The Jubilee diamond.
- Yellow “Tiffany” diamond.
- Diamond “Victoria”.
- The Florentine diamond.