This Art Conservation discipline brings together very specific interventions to safeguard an object or monument. While respecting its cultural, historical, aesthetic, ethical, and artistic significance. The goal of a conservation-restoration intervention is not to restore culture. But assets to “new” conditions. But to prolong their lifespan. In what they represent as links between eras and generations.
These are assets that every one individual. Family, local authority, nation, inscribe in their heritage. And chooses to send. Conserve and protect against natural, physical, chemical, biological and human aggression. The notion of heritage implies works of art, protected property (classified, registered, inventoried. But also everything that escapes these protection regimes. And which has a sentimental, aesthetic, historical, documentary. It is important to ensure their sustainability according to the same principles. To guarantee the quality of the interventions useful for their conservation.
Conservation is the set of measures aimed at protecting cultural heritage for the future. The goal of conservation is to study, and document. And preserve the significant qualities of an object while minimizing intervention. Art Conservation encompasses examination, documentation, preventive conservation, preservation, restoration, and reconstruction. Thanks to their training and experience, and guided by a Code of Ethics. Conservators are able to offer the most effective solutions. For caring for an object and treating it. According to the situation, also to being able to determine how the treatment must take place.
Conservators embrace the principles of preventive conservation. Which includes measures of the environment. In which an object is located to avoid damage from agents of deterioration. The main causes of deterioration are physical forces. Like thieves and vandals, fire, water, pests, and pollutants. Light, ultraviolet rays, improper temperature, improper relative humidity, and dissociation. Conservation owners believe that less is more. Too much Conservation work can cause a loss of information about how an object was and what happened to it. Conservation does not mean putting an object back in perfect condition. The degree of intervention is in consultation. With the owner or custodian of the object.
The restorers respect the history of the object. The preservation of an object is not limited to the original materials. Previous repairs or modifications, or traces of use. Such as tool wear, may have historical value.
Conservators understand materials. The materials used by a restorer must, as far as possible, can remove later and must not cause water damage. Many materials, including many plastics, papers, adhesives, padding, and coatings. And detergents do not meet these criteria.
Restorers know how to distinguish repairs from the original condition. Although treatments often go unnoticed, care should always be there. To ensure that it is possible to distinguish. After close examination or by other means. The difference between the original materials and the repair. The documentation of the treatments. Thus, plays a crucial role in the possibility of distinguishing. An original element from an addition.
Conservators provide written and photographic follow-ups to their work. To document the condition of the object before. And after treatment, also to the treatment itself. This information serves as a reference for the owner, curator, researchers, or restorers.