Knee Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure performed for the treatment of knees. In this, a small camera is used to view the inside of the knee. During this procedure, small incisions are also made in the knee to insert the camera and small surgical devices. Knee arthroscopy surgery diagnoses knee problems and repairs the knee joint.
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When is Knee Arthroscopy Surgery Needed?
If you are troubled by knee pain, then knee arthroscopy surgery can be done. Your doctor will first find out the cause of your knee pain, then diagnose it. If those treatments don’t ease your knee pain, your doctor may recommend knee arthroscopy.
Arthroscopy can be Done for These Knee Problems:
- Ton meniscus- This makes the space between the bones in the knee flexible. This surgery is done to repair or remove it.
- A torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or posterior cruciate ligament (PCL).
- Torn or torn collateral ligament.
- Swelling or deterioration of the lining of the joints.
- To remove dysfunctional cysts that are causing arthritic swelling or pain.
- To repair fractures in the bones of the knees.
What Should I know Before having knee Arthroscopy Surgery?
There is very little risk or any kind of problem after knee arthroscopy surgery. Successful treatment is seen in most people. Knee arthroscopy surgery Indications such as swelling in the knee, persistent pain, and difficulty walking or standing up. If these problems are not relieved even after using home remedies and other medicines, then you can get a knee arthroscopy done.
Patients between the ages of 20 and 60 years can undergo knee arthroscopy surgery. However, in many cases, this surgery is performed in children younger than 10 years and elderly people who are older than 80 years.
What are the Side Effects of Knee Arthroscopy Surgery?
Anesthesia is used during this surgery. This can cause some problems:
- allergy to drugs
- respiratory distress
Serious Problems can Occur After this Surgery:
- bleeding knee joint
- damage to the meniscus joints of the knee
- blood clots in the leg
- injury to blood vessels or cells
- knee joint infection
- knee jam
After surgery, you may feel pain and your doctor may give you a dose of painkillers to reduce it. Plus, it will also help your surgery recovery. After the surgery, there will be swelling in your knees, which will also be cured by you.
As with every procedure, there are some risks involved, so knee arthroscopy surgery can also have some risks. For more information about which you should talk to your doctor.
How should I Prepare Myself for knee Arthroscopy Surgery?
Your doctor can give you proper instructions on how to prepare yourself for surgery. If you are taking any over-the-counter medicine or supplement, inform your doctor about it.
In addition, you will need to fast for 6 to 12 hours before the surgery begins. In some cases, your doctor may give you a dose of pain medication to help with the problems during surgery.
What Happens During Knee Arthroscopy Surgery?
The surgical procedure may take less than an hour to complete. Depending on your surgery, you may be able to go back home on the day of surgery.
Your doctor will give you a dose of anesthesia before knee arthroscopy. Which can be of several types:
- Local (only to numb your knee)
- Regional (to numb you from the waist down)
- General (to make you completely unconscious)
The surgeon will then make small incisions in your knee. Using sterile water will clean your knee. This allows the surgeon to see inside the joint. Devices for arthroscopy are then inserted inside an incision, which examines the condition of the inside of the knee with the help of an attached camera.
When the surgeon diagnoses a problem with your knee, they may insert small instruments into the incisions to correct the problem. After surgery, surgeons take out the saline skin from your joint and suture the incisions.
What Happens After Knee Arthroscopy Surgery?
- After surgery, you will be taken to the recovery room and after an hour or so you will be able to go home.
Your doctor will prescribe pain relievers to reduce the pain after surgery.
- Your knees will be covered with a bandage when you go home from the hospital. Which will keep your stitches safe and dry. Your doctor will give you the necessary instructions on how to change it while bathing or how you can keep the bandage dry.
- The doctor may also call you for a Minale after a few days to oversee your health and the surgery.
Most people may need crutches after knee arthroscopy surgery. You should talk to your surgeon about what might be a better option for you.
- If you have any questions regarding this, please consult your doctor.
How Should I Take care of Myself after knee Arthroscopy Surgery?
At home, you may need to have a household member or nurse accompany you to look after you. A day or two after the surgery, the swelling and pain in your knee will start to subside. However, you will need to change your bandage from time to time. Your doctor can give you instructions on how long you should rest after surgery.
You can also do some types of exercises on the advice of a doctor to get successful results of the surgery procedure and for its quick recovery. Also, you can take the help of a physical therapist.